Thursday, October 31, 2013


Rabbi Doniel Staum, LMSW
Rabbi, Kehillat New Hempstead
Social Worker, Yeshiva Bais Hachinuch


In a Yeshiva in Eretz Yisroel, a Rosh Yeshiva had a strong disagreement with the parents of one of his students. The parents ardently felt that their role as parents entailed their being rigid disciplinarians, who demanded obedience and compliance from their children. All of the Rosh Yeshiva’s arguments to the contrary fell on deaf ears. They were convinced that the tenseness they generated in their home was par for the course of raising children. The Rosh Yeshiva persisted however, until they agreed to seek the counsel of the great Torah sage, Rabbi Lazer Shach zt’l.
After listening to the parent’s views, Rav Shach explained that according to the Torah, parents have a dual role – to be parents and of educators. As parents, their assigned task is to demonstrate unbridled love and devotion for their children, “as a father has mercy on his son”.
As educators however, their task is to instill fear and awe in their children. In regard to this paradoxical role, the sages teach “One should always push with his left hand and (simultaneously) draw close with his (stronger) right hand.1” In other words, the overriding characteristic must be love.
Rav Shach continued that this was all true in days of yore. However, in contemporary times when children are sent off to institutions which provide their Torah education, the latter role of the parents as disciplinarians is no longer necessary. Today, parents have one responsibility: to raise their children with love, devotion, and warmth.
Rav Shach looked at the parents and concluded, “In your home, you must generate a loving atmosphere, and you must be attentive to their physical and emotional needs. The school will educate them and discipline them appropriately. But the home must foremost be a place of nurturance. If, G-d forbid, a child does not find that security and acceptance in his own home, he will seek it elsewhere.”

“The lads grew up and Eisav became one who knows trapping, a man of the field; but Yaakov was a wholesome man, abiding in tents.2” On this verse, the Medrash3 comments, “Rabbi Eliezer said: One must busy himself with his son until he is thirteen years of age. From that point on, he must say, “ברוך שפטרני מענשו של זה - Blessed is He Who has exempted me from this punishment. Based on this MedrashShulchan Aruch4 rules that on the day a boy becomes a Bar Mitzvah his father states the aforementioned blessing. 
What is the meaning behind this unusual blessing? How can a father declare his gratitude for being exonerated from the responsibilities of child-rearing? Aside from the fact that it sounds heartless and cavalier, the adolescent years are pivotal in regard to a child’s development of a sense of self. This is especially true in our society where adolescence is such a challenging and conflicting time. How can a father rid himself of responsibility for a child when he/she needs it most?
Ba’al Shem Tov offers a novel explanation: Parents are responsible to educate their children, doing their utmost to instill in them values, ethics, and a moralistic view of life. To encourage their children toward the right path, appropriate disciplinary tactics are often necessary. The child must realize the sweetness and goodness of doing what’s right, and the detriment of negative choices.
Our Sages taught5 that while one’s evil inclination is immediately present at birth, one’s good inclination does not arrive until he/she is halachically considered an adult6. Therefore, as long as a child is still a minor, external encouragement and guidelines are necessary components of his/her development. However, once a child becomes an adult the parent’s responsibility changes. At that point they must educate their children with overriding love and warmth, and by being an example for their child through their passion and devotion to their values and beliefs.
At that point, rudimentary punishment and disciplinary tactics will no longer be effective. As adolescence begins the most important commodity is the relationship that exists between parent and child.
Therefore, on the day of his son’s Bar Mitzvah, a father thanks G-d for exempting him from the previous manner of education, i.e. a manner that includes occasional discipline and setting exacting boundaries. From hereon a more advanced and mature level of education must commence; one that is predicated on relationship and mutual respect7.

History has proven that when a child is made to feel like an outcast, the results can be catastrophic. The Gemara8 relates that Timna, a Canaanite Princess, wanted to join the family of the Patriarchs. When she approached them however, they distanced her. So strong was her desire to be close to the regal family that she became the concubine of Elifaz, the son of Eisav, claiming that it was better to be the maidservant in the Patriarch’s family than to be a mistress in her own royal family. The product of that union was Amalek, the nemesis and sworn enemy of Klal Yisroel.
Avrohom Avinu was the paragon of kindness and giving, and his whole life was dedicated to assisting others. If he rejected Timna, he obviously had valid reason to believe that she was unfit to join their family. Still, our Sages write that the holy Patriarchs erred in their approach. Although they were justified in barring her entry into the family, “they should not have distanced her.”    
The Gemara9 relates that the great Tanna, Rabbi Yehoshua Ben Prachia had a disciple with whom he dealt harshly. The end result was that the student practiced witchcraft and caused many Jews to stumble in sin. In fact, that student10 was later proclaimed the “father of Christianity”.
Rabbi Chaim Shmuelevitz zt’l11 points out that if one reads the details of this Gemara, it is clear that Rabbi Yehoshua ben Prachia’s harsh response to that particular student was warranted. Still, Rabi Yehoshua ben Prachia should have dealt with him with greater sensitivity and warmth, even as he chastised and distanced him.
The Chofetz Chaim made a similar observation about the noted Communist, Leon Trotsky. Born Leib Bronstein, Trotsky attended Yeshiva in his youth before being thrown out for his heretical views. He became an avowed atheist and would deliver virulent diatribes against religion and G-d. It was only Trotsky’s opposition to Stalin that prevented him from becoming one of the foremost leaders of Communist Russia after Lenin’s death. The Chofetz Chaim once dolefully commented that ‘who knows how different “Leibele’s” life could have been if his Rebbe in Yeshiva had treated him with more warmth and love’.

The Torah relates that despite Eisav’s wickedness “Yitzchok loved Eisav for game was in his mouth; but Rivka loved Yaakov.12” How could Yitzchak have such an affinity for Eisav simply because he was a good hunter? It is hardly conceivable that, despite all of Eisav’s iniquities, Yitzchok was completely duped by the façade that Eisav put on in his presence.
The Pletzker Maggid13 explained that Yitzchok was well aware that Eisav’s external piousness was feigned. However, Yitzchok was afraid that if he dealt too harshly with Eisav he would deepen Eisav’s enmity and wickedness. He feared that Eisav would embrace the family of his half-brother Yishmael and become even more sinful and immoral than he already was.
Yitzchak maintained a warm loving relationship with Eisav, not because he was fooled by Eisav, but because he was not fooled by him. Yitzchok understood that if Eisav was trying to fool him it was because he was trying to maintain a relationship with him.
Thus, Yitzchok loved Eisav because, “game was in his mouth”. In other words, Yitzchok put on a “counter-front”, feigning his own love for Eisav and pretending that he was fooled by Eisav’s piousness. All of Eisav’s wickedness not withstanding, Yitzchok understood that the only chance he had to draw him closer was by maintaining their relationship by preserving his dignity.

“Yitzchok loved Eisav”
 “Blessed is He Who has exempted me from this punishment.”

27 Cheshvan is the yahrtzeit (anniversary of the death) of my illustrious Zaydei, Rabbi Yaakov Meir Kohn, HaRav Yaakov Meir ben HaRav Yosef Yitzchak zt’l.
My Zaydei was not only a great scholar and an acknowledged Rabbi, he was also loved for his convivial personality. His charisma and wit enabled him to develop deep relationships with the most unusual people.
My Mother related to me that my Zaydei was constantly involved in collecting funds for various Torah institutions. On one occasion, he went to meet a noted philanthropist who had just recently donated a large sum of money to a secular organization. When the philanthropist asked my Zaydei why he had come to see him when they had never met, my Zaydei simply replied that he wanted to shake the hand that had so selflessly donated so much money to a charitable organization. Then, without saying another word, my Zaydei stood up and left. A few months later, when the man donated another sum of money to a second secular institution, my Zaydei returned and repeated his prior visit. A few months later when my Zaydei went back for a third time, he walked out with a sizeable donation for the Yeshiva he was collecting for.
Although Zaydei possessed the gift of oratory, he understood that there was no greater connection than that of a deep and warm relationship. That was evident in the deep love felt by his congregants, neighbors (non-Jews on the street!), and admirers.
He and (yblch’t) my Bubby had a home without doors (figuratively). My Bubby never knew how many guests to expect on Shabbos and she cooked accordingly. Their home was constantly graced with notable Torah personalities and leaders. It was truly a Torah home, built on the pillars of chessed and Torah study.
May our budding family follow my Bubby’s and Zaydei’s example and build a home predicated on those same values; a home of vibrant warmth and positive relationships in which the sounds of joy and Avodas Hashem unceasingly resonate.
1 Sotah 47a
2 Bereishis 25:27
3 63:10
4 Oh’c 225:2
5 see Sanhedrin 91b, Koheles Rabbah 4:9
6 i.e. Bar/Bat Mitzvah
7 This is surely not to say that parents no longer have to set boundaries for their adolescent children. But the necessary boundaries must be set in the context of a warm relationship where the child can understand how the boundaries are for their own good, even if they don’t agree.
8 Sanhedrin 99b
9 Sotah 47a – it is a portion that was previously deleted by Christian censors
10 who was subsequently crucified
11 Sichos Mussar
12 Bereishis 25:28
13 Rabbi Pinchas Bar Yehuda zt’l, a disciple of the Vilna Gaon


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